EU marine strategy framework directive (MSFD) 2014
Member states are required to make an initial ecological assessment of their waters in respect of each marine region or sub region and then define measures, including MSP, to achieve ‘good environmental status’ (GES)
Marine / Maritime Spatial Planning
MSP is a cornerstone of the Commission's Blue Growth (BG) strategy and of Integrated Maritime Policy. (…) It should (…) help establish coherent networks of Marine Protected Areas, for which cooperation on planning across borders is essential, and ensure the participation of all stakeholders in planning processes.’ (‘Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Newsroom,’ n.d.).
Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) is about planning human activities in order to ensure their efficiency and sustainability. This process involves stakeholders in a transparent way in the planning of maritime activities.